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The real reasons for your mood swings and how to overcome them

Very often, these mood fluctuations occur at an extreme level and start interfering with the regular functioning of an individual. Extreme fluctuations in mood should not be ignored.
Causes of Mood Swings
A wide range of factors are responsible for worsening the problem of mood swings, this makes it further difficult to understand underlying reasons for frequent transitions in the behavior of a person.
- Hormonal Imbalances
Adolescents and women undergo major hormonal changes which impact them physically as well as mentally. The imbalanced release of hormones can cause a significant chemical change in the human brain, leading to extreme mood fluctuations. Women are more prone to mood fluctuations as they experience more hormonal fluctuations as compared to male counterparts.
- Substance-Induced Mood Disorder
People involved in excessive consumption of alcohol and lethal psychoactive drugs get caught in the trap of addiction. Excessive use of these substances on a regular basis interferes with the nerve signaling process and tamper with dopamine production level in humans. Use of psychoactive drugs gives a momentarily high to the user, this feeling of euphoria doesn’t stay for a longer duration. However, to re-experience the similar feeling, an addict becomes regular with substance abuse. The prolonged use of these drugs makes a person habitual and a person is unable to feel that feeling of euphoria. These mental conditions cause an extreme level of mood swings. In addition to this, on quitting the use of alcohol, cigarettes or psychoactive drugs, people experience dramatic mood transitions.
- Other Mental Health Problems
Mental health problems are majorly unidentified and left untreated due to lack of understanding. However, poor mental health can lead to a problem of mood disorders, which are extremely difficult to handle. The commonly observed mood disorders that can cause frequent mood swings are: Bipolar, Cyclothymic disorder, Mania, Major Depressive Disorder, Dysthemia 
- Poor Diet and Improper Sleep Cycle
An unhealthy diet and improper cycle are causative factors of various lifestyle disorders. Both of them in conjugation have a strong impact on the physical and mental health of a person. An improper sleep cycle is known to cause fatigue for a prolonged period. Fatigue is a condition in which a person constantly feels tired & weak; also a fatigued individual would experience low motivation, high level of anxiety for a considerable amount of time. The energy level of a person is not restored if he doesn’t take proper sleep which causes fatigue and consequently, leads to mood fluctuations.
In addition to this, the health of digestive tract, blood sugar level fluctuations, imbalanced blood pressure & cholesterol levels are capable of impacting mood changes in a person. Poor dietary choices by humans cause lifestyle disorders which ultimately lead to unstable emotional and physical health. As a result, a person experiences frequent variation in mood. High sugar level in the blood triggers the human nervous system to produce happy chemicals such as dopamine and serotonin, whereas low sugar level in the blood tends to make a person irritable. People those who experience high fluctuation in their blood sugar level are more prone to frequent mood swings. Therefore, a person should try to depend on natural sugar sources to maintain a steady blood sugar level to avoid instability in the mood.
- Anxiety is a Common Trigger for Mood Swings
There could be numerous underlying reasons for frequent mood changes, however, all the causative factors narrow down to stress. Improper diet, lack of sleep & exercise, hormonal dysregulation, mental health conditions all create mental or physical stress on human health. Living under highly stressed conditions cause emotional distress which results in rapid mood swings. Anxiety is a state of mind in which a person remains in a highly anxious state for a longer duration than normal. An anxious person is the hyper-responsive and hyper-alert majority of the time, which creates extra pressure on mind and body. In this condition, all the essential organs soak up a high amount of energy for their strenuous functioning, leaving the person energy deprived. Such anxiety conditions trigger irritation, emotional instability and frequent variations in moods of a person.
Interesting Facts Related to Mood Swings
Deficiency of vitamin D and calcium can trigger mood swing: Deficiency of vitamin D is strongly linked with mood swings and depressive mood disorder. Additionally, calcium which plays an important role in the functioning of the central nervous system also helps in maintaining mood stability. Calcium deficiency can cause irritation and tension in humans.
Restrictive diet followers need to add B-complex supplement in their diet: B-complex vitamin supplements are capable of reducing fatigue in humans. Deteriorating B-6 and B-12 levels are known to cause various health problems; however, their declining level in the human body can also cause anxiety and depression problems. Both the vitamins are present in animal-sourced products, therefore, for vegans, it becomes important to add B-complex supplement in their diet.
Night shift triggering anxiety issues: Hectic work hours are always linked with increased stress on human physical and mental health. Long working hours during nights is capable of causing various health problems such as metabolism disorder, obesity, and depression. However, the anxiety issue is considered a major problem with night shift workers. Odd working hours make them more prone to mood swings and irritation.
Symptoms Commonly Seen in People with Frequent Mood Swings
There is a wide range of symptoms that can be seen in people suffering from frequent mood changes. The symptoms can be seen in the behavior of a person or may be occurring in the back of his mind without being noticed. Below is a list of common symptoms that can be seen in people experiencing rapid mood transitions:  
Behavioral Symptoms: hopelessness or feeling helpless, prolonged anxiety or nervousness, low self-esteem, feeling worthless, decreased concentration, indecisiveness, extremely hostile & aggressive behavior, highly irritable and anger issues, unstable motivation levels (high & low), emotional imbalance, loss of interest in doing routine activities, relationship problems     
Physical Symptoms: too much or too less sleep, loss of appetite or overeating, frequent headaches, frequent stomachache, feeling lethargic or high energetic, loss in weight
How to Overcome Mood Swing Problems?
Physical and mental health problems both are important causative factors leading to extreme mood swings conditions. However, a faulty lifestyle is considered a root cause for increasing physical and mental disorders. Shifting towards a healthier lifestyle may help a person to deal with mood swings and related disorders significantly.